Creighton Lecture: Was the 'Final Solution' Unique? Reflections on Twentieth-Century Genocides

Professor Sir Richard Evans (Regius Professor of History, Wolfson College, Cambridge)
2 December 2014

In recent years the Nazi extermination of six million European Jews was increasingly been equated with other cases of mass death in the modern age, including the German attempt to exterminate the Hereros in Namibia before World War I, the Ukrainian famine of the early 1930s, the Nazi killing of 'Gypsies', homosexuals and the mentally ill, and the Rwandan genocide of the 1990s. 

Many historians have concluded that the Nazis' murderous 'Final Solution of the Jewish Question in Europe' was no more than one genocide among many that occured in the 20th century. This lecture examines these arguments and discusses the counter-claim that the 'Holocaust' was categorically unique and essentialy incomparable. 

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