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History in Focus

the guide to historical resources • Issue 11: Migration •


A flyer for a workshop called 'Identify Yourself'

A flyer for a workshop held in Birmingham, UK, in 2001. The workshop and subsequent drama project allowed South Asians in Birmingham to explore their British identity.

Reproduced by permission of Sampad.

Links to publishers used
in this bibliography:


This bibliography is taken from History Online, which provides bibliographic information on books and journal articles published by UK academic publishers. The bibliography below represents a selection of books on topics related to migration in History Online. Search History Online for other books and journal articles.

Publishers are giving special offers on some of the book listed below. See individual book entries for details.


Concise History of the World Since 1945: States and Peoples

W.M. Spellman

W.M. Spellman explores the past half century focusing on key topics such as human migration, science and technology, international business, religion and politics and the break-up of Europe's overseas empires. Two central points of debate are examined: the struggle between centralized socialism and free-market capitalism and the interaction between the forces of cultural fragmentation and the competing integrative forces of 'globalization' or world culture.

Published 2006; ISBN 1403917884
Palgrave are offering History in Focus readers a 20% discount. Simply enter the code WMIGRATION2006a at the checkout page.

Eighteenth-Century Criminal Transportation

Gwenda Morgan & Peter Rushton

This is the first major study of the convict in the Atlantic world of the eighteenth century. It concentrates on the diverse characters of the transported men, women and children, and their fate in the colonies, exploring at the local level the contrasts in sentencing, shipping and settlement of convicts in America. The central myths about transportation prevalent in the eighteenth century, particularly that most felons returned, are examined in the context of the burgeoning print culture of criminal biographies and newspaper stories. In addition, the exchange of representations between the two sides of the Atlantic, and the changing American reaction to convicts, are placed within the growing transatlantic debate on transportation before the American Revolution. Above all, the realities of escape, of convicts running away and returning to England, are subject to systematic investigation for the first time.

Published 2003; ISBN 0333793382
Palgrave are offering History in Focus readers a 20% discount. Simply enter the code WMIGRATION2006a at the checkout page.

Emigrant homecomings: The return movement of emigrants, 1600–2000

Edited by Marjory Harper

Published 2005; ISBN 0719070708
Manchester University Press

Managing Labor Migration in the Twenty-First Century

Philip Martin, Manolo Abella & Christiane Kuptsch

Why have ninety million workers around the globe left their homes for employment in other countries? What can be done to ensure that international labour migration is a force for global betterment? This groundbreaking book presents the most comprehensive analysis of the causes and effects of labour migration available, and it recommends sensible, sustainable migration policies that are fair to migrants and to the countries that open their doors to them. The authors survey recent trends in international migration for employment and demonstrate that the flow of authorised and illegal workers over borders presents a formidable challenge in countries and regions throughout the world. They note that not all migration is from undeveloped to developed countries and discuss the murky relations between immigration policies and politics. The book concludes with specific recommendations for justly managing the world's growing migrant workforce.

Published 2005; ISBN 0300109040
Yale University Press

Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Migration and Exile

Leon Grinberg & Rebeca Grinberg

In this book Drs. Leon and Rebeca Grinberg provide the first psychoanalytic study of both normal and pathological reactions to migration and to the special case of exile. Drawing on rich clinical material, on literature, and on myth, the Grinbergs discuss the relationship between migration and the language and age of the traveler; they consider its effects on the migrant's sense of identity; and they draw insightful analogies between the migratory experience and human development.

Published 1989; ISBN 0300102046
Yale University Press

Remembering refugees: Then and now

Tony Kushner

Published 2006; ISBN 0719068827
Manchester University Press

The State of the World's Refugees: Human Displacement in the New Millennium

The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

The State of the World's Refugees: Human Displacement in the New Millennium (2006) provides an overview of key recent developments related to internal and cross-border displacement of people throughout the world. Produced by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the book focuses on issues occurring since the last edition of the series in 2000.

Recent years have seen a decline in the number of refugees, partly due to large-scale returns to Afghanistan and Angola, among others. Nonetheless, the majority of refugee situations remain protracted with no prospects for durable solutions in sight, such as the Bhutanese in Nepal, the Western Saharans in Algeria and the Somalis in various host countries. While the number of refugees has declined, the number of people displaced within the borders of their own country has dramatically risen, for example as is the case in Colombia and Sudan. At the same time, the provision of international protection to refugees has been undermined by responses to the ever more complex nexus between asylum and migration.

The book critically examines the changing dynamics of forced displacement and the challenges faced by affected states and the international community. More specifically, it analyses key developments in asylum policy and practice; it searches for practical solutions to protracted refugee situations; it re-examines the debates around durable solutions; and it assesses responses to internal displacement.

As well as analysing policy issues related to refugees, returnees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons and stateless populations, the book provides a wealth of statistical tables, graphs and maps.

Published 2006; ISBN 0-19-929094-6
Oxford University Press are offering readers a 20% discount on this title and more if you order via this link: http://www.oup.co.uk/sale/webmig06/

The Zoroastrian Diaspora: Religion and Migration

John R. Hinnells

What is the distinctive Zoroastrian experience, and what is the common diasporic experience? The Zoroastrian Diaspora is the outcome of twenty years of research and of archival and fieldwork in eleven countries, involving approximately 250,000 miles of travel. It has also involved a survey questionnaire in eight countries, yielding over 1,840 responses.

This is the first book to attempt a global comparison of Diaspora groups in six continents. Little has been written about Zoroastrian communities as far apart as China, East Africa, Europe, America, and Australia or on Parsis in Mumbai post-Independence. Each chapter is based on unused original sources ranging from nineteenth century archives to contemporary newsletters. The book also includes studies of Zoroastrians on the Internet, audio-visual resources, and the modern development of Parsi novels in English.

As well as studying the Zoroastrians for their own inherent importance, this book contextualizes the Zoroastrian migrations within contemporary debates on Diaspora studies. John R. Hinnells examines what it is like to be a religious Asian in Los Angeles or London, Sydney or Hong Kong. Moreover, he explores not only how experience differs from one country to another, but also the differences between cities in the same country, for example, Chicago and Houston. The survey data is used firstly to consider the distinguishing demographic features of the Zoroastrian communities in various countries; and secondly to analyse different patterns of assimilation between different groups: men and women and according to the level and type of education. Comparisons are also drawn between people from rural and urban backgrounds; and between generations in religious beliefs and practices, including the preservation of secular culture.

Published 2005; ISBN 0198267592
Oxford University Press are offering readers a 20% discount on this title and more if you order via this link: http://www.oup.co.uk/sale/webmig06/

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African migration

Moving the Maasai: A Colonial Misadventure

Lotte Hughes

In Moving the Maasai Lotte Hughes tells the scandalous story of how the Maasai people of Kenya lost the best part of their land to the British in the 1900s. Drawing upon unique oral testimony and extensive archival research, she describes the many intrigues surrounding two enforced moves that cleared the highlands for European settlers, and a 1913 lawsuit in which the Maasai attempted to reclaim their former territory, and explains why recent events have brought the story full circle.

Published 2006; ISBN 140399661X
Palgrave are offering History in Focus readers a 20% discount. Simply enter the code WMIGRATION2006a at the checkout page.

Paris 1961: Algerians, State Terror, and Memory

Jim House & Neil MacMaster

The massacre of Algerian demonstrators by the Paris police on the night of 17 October 1961 is one of the most contested events in contemporary French history. This book provides a multi-layered investigation of the repression through a critical examination of newly opened archives, oral sources, the press and contemporary political movements and debates. The roots of violence are traced back to counter-insurgency techniques developed by the French military in North Africa and introduced into Paris to crush the independence movement among Algerian migrant workers. The study shows how and why this event was rapidly expunged from public visibility in France, but was kept alive by immigrant and militant minorities, to resurface in a dramatic form after the 1980s. Through this case-study the authors explore both the dynamics of state terror as well as the complex memorial processes by which these events continue to inform and shape post-colonial society.

Published 2006; ISBN 0199247250
Oxford University Press are offering readers a 20% discount on this title and more if you order via this link: http://www.oup.co.uk/sale/webmig06/

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American migration (including the Caribbean)

British America 1500–1800: Creating Colonies, Imagining an Empire

Steven Sarson

British America combines the histories of colonies and empire – usually distinct fields of enquiry – in a sweeping introduction to and interpretation of the British-American New World. This book argues that while settlers created colonies, the early empire remained a largely imaginary construct. Writers, explorers, and colonial proprietors imagined colonies and empire as corporate entities serving various political, religious, and social purposes. Yet, these visions were invariably usurped by settlers who created colonies according to principles of political autonomy and individual independence based on private property, even if the liberties their ideals engendered entailed the extermination and expulsion of Native Americans and the enslavement of Africans. English and then British governments encouraged autonomy by granting colonies as private proprietorships, and then accommodating the settler-led polities that subsequently emerged. When Britain finally imposed a vision of empire from the 1760s, the settlers declared their independence, forcing Britain to consider imperialism as something much more than imaginary. This account examines the way in which the New World was invented and offers a convincing analysis of the loss of the First British Empire.

Published 2005; ISBN-13 9780340760109
Hodder Arnold are offering History in Focus readers a 20% discount. Simply enter the code W0000184 at the checkout page.

Canaan Land: A Religious History of African Americans

Albert J. Raboteau

Published 2001; ISBN 0195145852
Oxford University Press are offering readers a 20% discount on this title and more if you order via this link: http://www.oup.co.uk/sale/webmig06/

The Caribbean

Gad Heuman

The Caribbean charts the turbulent and significant history in this diverse region of the Atlantic. It discusses many issues that have influenced the area such as the effects of European steel, gunpowder and microbes, the European struggle for empire and the economic importance of African slavery. It examines slave and post-emancipation societies, emigration, the environment, race relations and the cultures of the Caribbean.

Gad Heuman is an expert guide to this history, dwelling not only on the political and social struggles but also providing a sense of the development and flowering of Caribbean culture. This book is essential for those with an interest in this fascinating region.

Published 2006; ISBN-13 9780340763636
Hodder Arnold are offering History in Focus readers a 20% discount. Simply enter the code W0000184 at the checkout page.

From Ellis Island to JFK: New York's Two Great Waves of Immigration

Nancy Foner

Two great waves of immigration, one at the start of the 20th century and another in its final decades, transformed the history and personality of New York City. This in-depth comparison of New York's two most recent immigration eras reassesses the myths that surround both sets of immigrants.

Published 2002; ISBN 0300093217
Yale University Press

Jewish Life in Small-Town America: A History

Lee Shai Weissbach

In this book, Lee Shai Weissbach offers the first comprehensive portrait of Jewish life in America. Exploring the history of communities of 100 to 1000 Jews, the book focuses on the years from the mid-nineteenth century to World War II. Weissbach examines the dynamics of 490 communities across the United States and reveals that smaller Jewish centres were not simply miniature versions of larger communities but were instead alternative kinds of communities in many respects.

The book investigates topics ranging from migration patterns to occupational choices, from Jewish education and marriage strategies to congregational organization. The story of smaller Jewish communities attests to the richness and complexity of American Jewish history and also serves to remind us of the diversity of small-town society in times past.

'Unquestionably the most thoroughly researched of all books on small Jewish communities, this volume will stand for many years as the definitive work on the subject'. Jonathan Sarna, author of American Judaism.

Published 2005; ISBN 0-300-10671-8
Yale University Press

Massive Resistance: The White Response to the Civil Rights Movement

George Lewis

Massive Resistance is a compelling account of the white segregationist opposition to the US civil rights movement from the late 1940s to the mid-1960s. It provides vivid insights into what sparked the confrontations in US society during the run-up to the major civil rights laws that transformed America's social and political landscape.

George Lewis has written a comprehensive overview of this controversial era of US history using his own research and interpretation, as well as new work by other experts in the field. The book concentrates on the political complexities of a campaign rooted in the white South that was intent on forestalling the march to racial equality. Themes covered include a white supremacist reading of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence; regional arguments for a 'distinctive' South; social and political doctrines of racial separatism as the core of southern identity; political oppression for the maintenance of white power; the role of physical intimidation and economic arguments used by the Ku Klux Klan.

Lewis's authoritative work on southern segregationists and what drove them to oppose civil rights reform is a valuable resource for students of twentieth century American history.

Published 2006; ISBN-13 9780340900222
Hodder Arnold are offering History in Focus readers a 20% discount. Simply enter the code W0000184 at the checkout page.

The Shaping of America: Global America, 1915–2000, V. 4: A Geographical Perspective on 500 Years of History

D.W. Meinig

This landmark book, the concluding volume in a magisterial series, presents the story of America's interwoven history and geography from 1915 to 2000. Discussing such developments as the automotive, neotechnic, and communications revolutions, the world wars, urban migration, and regionalism, D.W. Meinig offers unprecedented insights into the reshaping of the United States.

Published 2006; ISBN 0300115288
Yale University Press

Thinking Orientals: Migration, Contact, and Exoticism in Modern America

Henry Yu

Published 2002; ISBN 0-19-515127-5
Oxford University Press are offering readers a 20% discount on this title and more if you order via this link: http://www.oup.co.uk/sale/webmig06/

Transatlantic Encounters: American Indians in Britain, 1500–1776

Alden Vaughan

Besides Pocahontas, whom 'everyone' knows went to London, approximately 175 American natives reached Britain before 1776, many of them more prominent than the Powhatan princess. Transatlantic Encounters highlights the remarkably disparate men, women, and children who went as captive showpieces (common in the early years), slaves (especially in the middle years), or ambassadors to the British monarchy (numerous after 1710). Many died abroad, but most survived for months or years and returned to America with vital information to impart and heightened influence to use for or against the British Empire.

Published 2006; ISBN 0521865948
Cambridge University Press

Women and Men on the Overland Trail

John Mack Faragher

This classic book offers a lively and penetrating analysis of what the overland journey was really like for midwestern farm families in the mid-1800s. Through the subtle use of contemporary diaries, memoirs, and even folk songs, John Mack Faragher dispels the common stereotypes of male and female roles and reveals the dynamic of pioneer family relationships. This edition includes a new preface in which Faragher looks back on the social context in which he formulated his original thesis and provides a new supplemental bibliography. Praise for the earlier edition: 'Faragher has made excellent use of the Overland Trail materials, using them to illuminate the society the emigrants left as well as the one they constructed en route. His study should be important to a wide range of readers, especially those interested in family history, migration and western history, and women's history'. Kathryn Kish Sklar

Published 2001; ISBN 0300089244
Yale University Press

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Asian and Middle Eastern migration

Frontier Nomads of Iran: A Political and Social History of the Shahsevan

Richard Tapper

Based on three decades of ethnographic fieldwork and documentary research, the book traces the political and social history of the Shahsevan, one of the major nomadic peoples of Iran. It is a dramatic story, recounting the mythical origins of the tribes, their unification as a confederacy and their eventual decline. In its synthesis of anthropology and history, the book will make a major contribution to the study of the Middle East and Central Asia, and also to current debates on tribe state relations and the relationship between identity and history.

Published 2006; ISBN 0521029066
Cambridge University Press

A Georgian Saga: From the Caucasus to the Indus

Meherafroze Mirza Habib

Published 2005; ISBN 019597848X
Oxford University Press are offering readers a 20% discount on this title and more if you order via this link: http://www.oup.co.uk/sale/webmig06/

The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians

Donald Bloxham

The Great Game of Genocide addresses the origins, development and aftermath of the Armenian genocide in a wide-ranging reappraisal based on primary and secondary sources from all the major parties involved. Rejecting the determinism of many influential studies, and discarding polemics on all sides, it founds its interpretation of the genocide in the interaction between the Ottoman empire in its decades of terminal decline, the self-interested policies of the European imperial powers, and the agenda of some Armenian nationalists in and beyond Ottoman territory. Particular attention is paid to the international context of the process of ethnic polarization that culminated in the massive destruction of 1912–23, and especially the obliteration of the Armenian community in 1915–16.

Published 2005; ISBN 0199273561
Oxford University Press are offering readers a 20% discount on this title and more if you order via this link: http://www.oup.co.uk/sale/webmig06/

History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization: Volume iii Part 2 India's Interaction with China, Central and West Asia


Published 2002; ISBN 0195657896
Oxford University Press are offering readers a 20% discount on this title and more if you order via this link: http://www.oup.co.uk/sale/webmig06/

Indo-Persian Travels in the Age of Discoveries, 1400–1800

Muzaffar Alam & Sanjay Subrahmanyam

A ground-breaking work based on detailed and sensitive readings of travel accounts in Persian, dealing with India, Iran, and Central Asia between c. 1400 and the decline of the Mughal dynasty in India. The authors' close readings allow the reader to enter the mental and moral worlds of the Muslim and non-Muslim literati who produced these valuable narratives. At the same time their comparative approach, which sets the accounts alongside other Asian and early modern European travel-narratives, opens up a rich and unsuspected vista of cultural and material history.

Published 2006; ISBN 0521780411
Cambridge University Press

Life After Partition: Migration, Community and Strife in Sindh 1947–1962

Sarah Ansari

Published 2005; ISBN 019597834X
Oxford University Press are offering readers a 20% discount on this title and more if you order via this link: http://www.oup.co.uk/sale/webmig06/

Migrant races: Empire, identity and K.S. Ranjitsinhji

Satadru Sen

Published 2004; ISBN 0719069262
Manchester University Press

People on the Move: Punjabi Colonial and Post-Colonial Migration

Ian Talbot and Shinder Thandi

Published 2004; ISBN 0-19-579956-9
Oxford University Press are offering readers a 20% discount on this title and more if you order via this link: http://www.oup.co.uk/sale/webmig06/

The Quest for the Origins of Vedic Culture: The Indo-Aryan Migration Debate

Edwin Bryant

Published 2001; ISBN 0195137779
Oxford University Press are offering readers a 20% discount on this title and more if you order via this link: http://www.oup.co.uk/sale/webmig06/

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Australian migration

Doctors At Sea: Emigrant Voyages to Colonial Australia

Robin Haines

In this engaging tale of movement from one hemisphere to another, we see doctors at work attending to their often odious and demanding duties at sea, in quarantine, and after arrival. The book shows, in graphic detail, just why a few notorious voyages suffered tragic loss of life in the absence of competent supervision. Its emphasis, however, is on demonstrating the extent to which the professionalism of the majority of surgeon superintendents, even on ships where childhood epidemics raged, led to the extraordinary saving of life on the Australian route in the Victorian era.

Published 2005; ISBN 1403986851
Palgrave are offering History in Focus readers a 20% discount. Simply enter the code WMIGRATION2006a at the checkout page.

Ten Pound Poms: A life history of British postwar emigration to Australia

A. James Hammerton & Alistair Thomson

Published 2005; ISBN 0719071321
Manchester University Press

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British and Irish migration

British Emigration 1603–1914

Alexander Murdoch

The idea of Britain has been understood largely in terms of sectarian conflict and state formation, whereas emigration has most often been explored in terms of economic and social history. This book explores the relationship between two subjects normally studied in isolation, and includes emigration from Ireland as a social phenomenon which cannot be understood in isolation from modern British History, as well as the impact of British emigration on the ethos and identity of the British Empire at its zenith at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Published 2004; ISBN 0333764919
Palgrave are offering History in Focus readers a 20% discount. Simply enter the code WMIGRATION2006a at the checkout page.

Colonial Lives Across the British Empire: Imperial Careering in the Long Nineteenth Century

Edited by David Lambert, Alan Lester

This volume uses a series of portraits of 'imperial lives' to rethink the history of the British Empire in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It tells the stories of men and women who dwelt for extended periods in one colonial space before moving on to others, developing 'imperial careers'. Their histories constituted meaningful connections across the empire that facilitated the continual reformulation of imperial discourses and cultures. Together, their stories help us to re-imagine the geographies of the British Empire and to destabilize the categories of metropole and colony.

Published 2006; ISBN 0521847702
Cambridge University Press

Colonisation and Conquest in Medieval Ireland: The English in Louth, 1170–1330

Brendan Smith

The history of English rule in Ireland stretches back to the twelfth century. This book examines the actions of the earliest English settlers in Ireland and asks a number of questions about the society they developed there. Why did these people come to Ireland? How did they interact with the native Irish neighbours? What was the nature of their relationship with England? This was also a time of English expansion in Wales and Scotland, and the book suggests comparisons and contrasts with the Irish experience in this broader setting.

Published 2006; ISBN 0521026628
Cambridge University Press

An Economic History of the English Poor Law, 1750–1850

George R. Boyer

The late 18th century saw a significant increase in relief generosity for able-bodied paupers under the Poor Law of 1597. This book examines the political motivation, regional variations, and the economic and demographic impact of relief until its abolition in 1834.

Published 2006; ISBN 0521031869
Cambridge University Press

The English in Rome, 1362–1420: Portrait of an Expatriate Community

Margaret Harvey

This book is centred on a study of the early archives of the Venerabile Collegio Inglese in Rome. It places the English community there between 1362, when the first English hospice for poor people and pilgrims was founded, and 1420 in its political, commercial and religious setting. The book also uncovers a notable although unsuccessful attempt to forward English participation in commerce with Rome before 1420, revealing important links between the English laity in Rome and the city of London.

Published 2006; ISBN 0521026636

Cambridge University Press

Englishness and Empire 1939–1965

Wendy Webster

Did loss of imperial power and the end of empire have any significant impact on metropolitan culture and identity after 1939? Within a burgeoning literature on national identity and Englishness, this is a question that has received surprisingly little attention.

Drawing on extensive research in the media archive, Wendy Webster's highly readable study investigates popular narratives of nation, and the significance of empire and its legacies in shaping national identity after 1939. What were the tensions and uncertainties involved in defining a post-imperial nation? How did imperial legacies inform questions about who belonged in Britain and debates about race, immigration and nationality? What did the Commonwealth mean? What was the significance of America to the making of a post-imperial nation? Focusing on stories told through prolific filmic and television imagery – the Second World War, the Coronation and Everest, colonial wars of the 1950s, Winston Churchill's funeral – the book explores how far, and in what contexts and unexpected places, imperial identity and loss of imperial power resonated in popular narratives of nation.

A novel thematic focus on empire and Englishness in the post-1945 period makes this an important study for scholars and students of modern British history, empire and Commonwealth, decolonisation, migration, gender, ethnicity, and race.

Published 2005; ISBN 0-19-925860-0
Oxford University Press are offering readers a 20% discount on this title and more if you order via this link: http://www.oup.co.uk/sale/webmig06/

Jews in Britain: A Chronology

Raphael Langham

For nearly a thousand years there has been a Jewish presence in Britain. Today the Jewish community, although numbering less than 300,000 is widely seen as one of the most successful groups in Britain. This unique book describes events in Britain concerning Jews in chronological order, from ancient legend to the present times.

Published 2005; ISBN 1403995974
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Making Ireland British 1580–1650

Nicholas Canny

This is the first comprehensive study of all the plantations that were attempted in Ireland during the years 1580–1650. It examines the arguments advanced by successive political figures for a plantation policy, and the responses which this policy elicited from different segments of the population in Ireland.

The book opens with an analysis of the complete works of Edmund Spenser who was the most articulate ideologue for plantation. The author argues that all subsequent advocates of plantation, ranging from King James VI and I, to Strafford, to Oliver Cromwell, were guided by Spenser's opinions, and that discrepancies between plantation in theory and practice were measured against this yardstick. The book culminates with a close analysis of the 1641 insurrection throughout Ireland, which, it is argued, steeled Cromwell to engage in one last effort to make Ireland British.

Published 2003; ISBN 0199259054
Oxford University Press are offering readers a 20% discount on this title and more if you order via this link: http://www.oup.co.uk/sale/webmig06/

Representations of British Emigration, Colonisation and Settlement: Imagining Empire, 1800-1860

Robert D. Grant

This volume explores the complex relationships between early nineteenth-century representations of emigration, colonization and settlement, and the social, economic and cultural conditions within which they were produced. It stresses the role of writers, illustrators and artists in 'making' colonial/settler landscapes within the metropolitan imaginary, paying particularly close attention to the complex interdependencies between metropolis and colony, which have too often been reduced to simplistic binaries of centre and periphery, metropolitan core and colonial outpost. Focusing on material dealing with Canada, the Cape, Australia and New Zealand, its interdisciplinarity and global reach consequently adds considerably to the field of colonial studies.

Published 2005; ISBN 1403947120
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The Rise of Oriental Travel: English Visitors to the Ottoman Empire, 1580-1720

Gerald Maclean

The Rise of Oriental Travel follows four Seventeenth-century Englishmen on their journeys around the Ottoman Empire while it was still expanding westward and the British were, for the first time in history, becoming important players in the Mediterranean. Contrary to the hostile declamations of Protestant preachers, they all found much to admire, from the multi-culturalism of the Ottoman system to the food, weather and styles of life. This book shows that hostility between East and West is neither historical nor inevitable, but rather the result of selective memory.

Published 2006; ISBN 0230003265
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Scotland, the Caribbean and the Atlantic world, 1750–1820

Douglas Hamilton

Published 2006; ISBN 0719071828
Manchester University Press

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European migration

Balkans into Southeastern Europe: A Century of War and Transition

John R. Lampe

The bloody break-up of the former Yugoslavia and the region's wider struggles with a post-Communist transition suggest continuing Balkan burdens for the peoples and states of Southeastern Europe. Ethnic conflict, disputed borders, forced migration and foreign intervention had already scarred the countries from Romania south to Greece during the decades surrounding the two world wars. John Lampe disputes this pejoratively Balkan background. He traces the region's traumatic twentieth century through wars and postwar transitions that adopted or confronted European ideologies, institutions and interventions.

Published 2005; ISBN 0333793471
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Defining Nations: Immigrants and Citizens in Early Modern Spain and Spanish America

Tamar Herzog

An exploration of the emergence of a specifically Spanish concept of community in both Spain and Spanish America in the 18th century. Challenging the assumption that communities were the natural result of common factors such as language or religion, or that they were artificially imagined, Tamar Herzog re-examines early modern categories of belonging. She argues that the distinction between those who were Spaniards and those who were foreigners came about as local communities distinguished between immigrants who were judged to be willing to take on the rights and duties of membership in that community and those who were not.

Published 2003; ISBN 0300092539
Yale University Press

Eastward Bound: Travel and travellers, 1050–1550

Edited by Rosamund Allen

Eastward bound looks at travel and travellers in the medieval period. An international range of distinguished contributors offer discussions on a wide range of themes, from the experiences of Crusaders on campaign, to the lives of pilgrims, missionaries and traders in the Middle East. It examines their modes of travel, equipment and methods of navigation, and considers their expectations and experiences en route. The contributions also look at the variety of motives – public and private – behind the decision to travel eastwards. Other essays discuss the attitudes of Middle-Eastern rulers to their visitors. In so doing they provide a valuable perspective and insight into the behaviour of the Europeans and non-Europeans alike. There have been few such accessible volumes, covering such a broad range of material. The book will be of use to students and scholars involved in the history, literature and historical geography of the medieval period.

Published 2004; ISBN 0719066905
Manchester University Press

Family Life in the Twentieth Century

Edited by David I. Kertzer & Marzio Barbagli

This third and final volume of 'The History of the European Family' series concludes a comprehensive work synthesising what is known about the history of the European family over the past five centuries. It places family history and the changing life experience of ordinary people at the heart of the new social history.

The 20th century saw extraordinary events and changes that were without precedent in human history. It was the century of world wars, of economic crises, and of radically new ideologies and political regimes; yet it was also the century of guaranteed social rights, economic growth and the advent of the Welfare State. The profound political and social transformations that took place between 1914 and 2000 had a huge impact on European families, particularly in relation to women and contraception, work and migration, domestic instability, and the law.

One of the fundamental questions raised by Marzio Barbagli and David I. Kertzer is whether, and to what extent, different European societies became more or less similar over the course of the 20th century, as far as the nature of family life is concerned. Bringing together ten contemporary scholars in the field from across Europe and America, the editors present a collection of essays which explore the influences of the economy, the state, the church, the world wars, and other demographic forces over the European family during the most violent century in history.

Published 2003; ISBN 0300094949
Yale University Press

Information and Frontiers: Roman Foreign Relations in Late Antiquity

A.D. Lee

During late antiquity the Roman empire faced serious threats from the peoples to the east and to the north. This book is concerned with the role played by information and intelligence in the empire's relations with these peoples, how well-informed about them the empire was, and how such information was acquired. It deals with an important facet of late Roman history which has not previously received systematic treatment, and does so in a wide-ranging manner which relates the military/diplomatic history to its broader social/cultural and economic context.

Published 2006; ISBN 0521028256
Cambridge University Press

Migration, Citizenship, and the European Welfare State: A European Dilemma

Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Peo Hansen, and Stephen Castles

This book provides a major new examination of the current dilemmas of liberal anti-racist policies in European societies, linking two discourses that are normally quite separate in social science: immigration and ethnic relations research on the one hand, and the political economy of the welfare state on the other. The authors rephrase Gunnar Myrdal's questions in An American Dilemma with reference to Europe's current dual crisis – that of the established welfare state facing a declining capacity to maintain equity, and that of the nation state unable to accommodate incremental ethnic diversity. They compare developments across the European Union with the contemporary US experience of poverty, race, and class. They highlight the major moral-political dilemma emerging across the EU out of the discord between declared ideals of citizenship and actual exclusion from civil, political, and social rights. Pursuing this overall European predicament, the authors provide a critical scrutiny of the EU's growing policy involvement in the fields of international migration, integration, discrimination, and racism. They relate current policy issues to overall processes of economic integration and efforts to develop a European 'social dimension'. Drawing on case-study analysis of migration, the changing welfare state, and labour markets in the UK, Germany, Italy, and Sweden, the book charts the immense variety of Europe's social and political landscape. Trends of divergence and convergence between single countries are related to the European Union's emerging policies for diversity and social inclusion. It is, among other things, the plurality of national histories and contemporary trajectories that makes the European Union's predicament of migration, welfare, and citizenship different from the American experience. These reasons also account in part for why it is exceedingly difficult to advance concerted and consistent approaches to one of the most pressing policy issues of our time.

Published 2006; ISBN 0198280521
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Population Exchange in Greek Macedonia: The Rural Settlement of Refugees 1922–1930

Elisabeth Kontogiorgi

Following the defeat of the Greek Army in 1922 by nationalist Turkish forces, the Convention of Lausanne in 1923 specified the first compulsory exchange of populations ratified by an international organization. The arrival in Greece of over 1.2 million refugees and their settlement proved to be a watershed with far-reaching consequences for the country.

Dr Kontogiorgi examines the exchange of populations and the agricultural settlement in Greek Macedonia of hundreds of thousands of refugees from Asia Minor and the Pontus, Eastern Thrace, the Caucasus, and Bulgaria during the inter-war period. She examines Greek state policy and the role of the Refugee Settlement Commission which, under the auspices of the League of Nations, carried out the refugee resettlement project. Macedonia, a multilingual and ethnically diverse society, experienced a transformation so dramatic that it literally changed its character. Kontogiorgi charts that change and attempts to provide the means of understanding it. The consequences of the settlement of refugees for the ethnological composition of the population, and its political, social, demographic, and economic implications are treated in the light of new archival material. Reality is separated from myth in examining the factors involved in the process of integration of the newcomers and assimilation of the inhabitants – both refugees and indigenous – of the New Lands into the nation-state. Kontogiorgi examines the impact of the agrarian reforms and land distribution and makes an effort to convert the climate of the rural society of Macedonia during the inter-war period. The antagonisms between Slavophone and Vlach-speaking natives and refugee newcomers regarding the reallocation of former Muslim properties had significant ramifications for the political events in the region in the years to come.

Other recurring themes in the book include the geographical distribution of the refugees, changing patterns of settlement and toponyms, the organisation of health services in the countryside, as well as the execution of irrigation and drainage works in marshlands. Kontogiorgi also throws light upon and analyses the puzzling mixture of achievement and failure which characterizes the history of the region during this transitional period. As the first successful refugee resettlement project of its kind, the 'refugee experiment' in Macedonia could provide a template for similar projects involving refugee movements in many parts of the world today.

Published 2006; ISBN 0199278962
Oxford University Press are offering readers a 20% discount on this title and more if you order via this link: http://www.oup.co.uk/sale/webmig06/

Rome and the Nomads: The Pontic-Danubian Realm in Antiquity

Roger Batty

Published 2007; ISBN 0198149360
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Migration and Inequality in Germany 1870–1913

Oliver Grant

Migration and Inequality in Germany 1870–1913 presents a new view of German history in the late nineteenth century. Dr Grant argues that many of the problems of Imperial Germany were temporary ones produced by the strain of rapid industrialisation. Drawing on the tools of development economics he argues that Germany passed through a labour surplus phase as desribed by the Lewis Model. This period came to an end around 1900, creating more favourable conditions for political reform and social reconciliation. But Germany's progress to full political and economic maturity was derailed at the outbreak of war in 1914.

Dr Grant bases his argument on an analysis of the economic and demographic forces driving migration in nineteenth-century Germany. High rural-urban migration led to the rapid expansion of German cities. The main factors driving this were social and economic change in the countryside and the process of the demographic transition. The release of surplus labour onto urban labour markets held back wage increases and led to an increase in inequality. The German economy behaved in a way which seemed to bear out the predictions of Karl Marx and this contributed to the appeal of Marxist ideas and the rise of the social democratic vote.

However, this was a temporary phase. The labour surplus period was largely over by 1900. The rise in inequality which had begun in the 1820s came to an end, and inequality began to fall. Contrary to received wisdom, Germany was not on the brink of a general socio-economic crisis in 1914; instead it was moving away from one. However, the political system failed to take advantage of this opportunity, and Germany's dependence on imported food and raw materials led to a strategic crisis which combined disastrously with internal political problems.

Published 2005; ISBN 0199276560
Oxford University Press are offering readers a 20% discount on this title and more if you order via this link: http://www.oup.co.uk/sale/webmig06/

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